Costa Rica Geography
Geographically, Costa Rica lies between 8° parallel and 11° latitude north and 82° to 85° longitude west. Including associated with the islands the total surface area is 51'100 km2 (50'660 km2 land and 440 km2 water). Costa Rica is approximately 20% smaller as West Virginia, and one of the smallest countries in Central America. Costa Rica is bordered on the north by Nicaragua through a boundary of 309 kilometers and south by a borderline of 296 kilometers with Panama. Costa Rica is bordered on the east by the Caribbean Sea (Atlantic ocean) and at the west on the Pacific Ocean. The Pacific coast measured 1016 kilometers and the caribbean cost 212 kilometers. The country offers on both coasts 1,200 kilometers of beaches with some exceptions of protection zones.
The Pacific coast offers more choices of picturesque beaches, many bays, gulfs and small islands. There are many tourist infrastructures and and some marinas. In the northern part of the Caribbean is the Tortuguero National Park, known as the Amazon of Costa Rica. A little further south is the port city of Limon, surrounded by giant plantations of pineapples and bananas. The Southern Caribbean is known for its rich biodiversity, beautiful beaches with palms and tropical forests. The Coco Island, one of the last unspoiled natural paradises in the world, which also belongs to Costa Rica and is protected as national park and declared as a world heritage site. It is located 532 kilometers west of the Pacific coast and covers an area of 23.85 km2. Costa Rica has a privileged geographical position as a bridge between the cultures of northern and southern Latin America. As Costa Rica has resulted in high biodiversity, which is unique in the world. Today, there are more than 13.000 species of plants, 6.000 butterflies, 162 species of amphibians, 220 reptiles, 1.600 fishes and over 850 species of birds.